Following unreliable hearsays or “Hadith” is a universal issue for mankind. This term, is supposedly story of prophet Mohammed’s or Imams (for Shiaa Muslims), sayings, and the ways of life, but the best translation is hearsay as it’s validity is questioned in the book.
According to it’s believers, Quran has a grantee in it for itself to remain accurate, It repeatedly says: “He has send it, and he will preserve it”, (نحن نزلنا الذکر و نحن لحافظون).
Not only there is no such guarantee for Hadith, but also on the contrary, you will see below many warnings discrediting it , using the same exact terminology!. Generally, human being is susceptible to mistakes, misinterpretations, misunderstandings and misquotes in Quran.
Amazing is that most Muslims follow Hadith more than Quran, even some are grossly contradicting Quran.
History of Hadith,
First book of Hadith was collected by Bukhari, Sunnies call it Sahih (truthful, correct) Bukhari. Bukhari lived about 3041 Kilometers from Mecca, about 200 years after prophet. Collection of quotes from mostly illiterate people. Shiaa’s objection is that it’s 7563 stories contains only 29 hadith that names their leader, Imam Ali, the third Khalifa, prophet’s son in law, which only 8 of the 29 hadith are in his approval or praise, while his teacher Ahmad Ebn Hanbal had more than 200 pages in admiring him.
In his book, he names all people who had been involved & quoted each other in a chain, all verbal, sometimes eight to ten generations away from the original quote.
A new generation of historians, Hadith writers, specialists in knowing the honesty of people who lived first two hunderd years, and within ten generation, (Science of Rejal علم رجال) on people who lived long time before them, and another Science, as they call it, in learning the logical flow of hearsay vs. Quran (علم درایه) , after Bukhari spent all their time and effort finding correct hadith in contradicting each other , finding opposite quotes from past generations, disputing each other’s honesty and trustworthiness.
Islam and Quran started an organized religion, specialists of hearsay, unprecedented until then, still main source of division.
Why is this issue any important at all?
All the sectarian and political violence, killings of adulterers, homosexuals or converts are not in Quran, but are in Hadiths.
Despite the Muslims shortcomings, Quran’s promised salvation does not depend on believing any particular prophet, equates their guidance, forbids distinguishing them and most important, it stands for freedom to choose.
Loving hearsay is not limited to Muslims. Prohibition of eating pork and eating Kosher is still in the book, but people listen to the clergy’s interpretation. Hard to imagine, Jesus, a devoted rabbai eating non-kosher or pork.
Atheists and agnostics follow their own stories too. They quote their for-fathers, use the same logics, refer to their history books to their belief.
أَوَلَمْ يَنظُرُواْ فِي مَلَكُوتِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَا خَلَقَ اللّهُ مِن شَيْءٍ وَأَنْ عَسَى أَن يَكُونَ قَدِ اقْتَرَبَ أَجَلُهُمْ فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ
will they not ponder upon the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and all that Allah created, and that it may be that their term is drawing near? so, in which HADITH (speech- story-…) will they believe thereafter?
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِي لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًا أُولَئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ
there are some people who would purchase HADITH (distracting talk-idle tales-frivolous discourse), to lead astray from the path of Allah without knowledge, and take it in mockery; for those is a humiliating punishment.
تِلْكَ آيَاتُ اللَّهِ نَتْلُوهَا عَلَيْكَ بِالْحَقِّ فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَ اللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ يُؤْمِنُونَ
These are the communications/signs of Allah which we recite to you with truth; then in what HADITH (announcement-exposition-speech-facts) would they believe after Allah and his communications?
فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ
after this(Quran), in what HADITH (discourse-announcement-statement-message) will they believe?